New PDF release: Dioxins and Health

By Thomas Webster, Barry Commoner (auth.), Arnold Schecter (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1489914625

ISBN-13: 9781489914620

ISBN-10: 1489914641

ISBN-13: 9781489914644

This e-book originated in a chain of cross-disciplinary conversations within the years 1984-1990 among the editor, who's a physician-researcher focused on medical and laboratory study, and a dioxin toxicologist. through the years within which the conversations happened, a unprecedented volume of recent clinical literature used to be released with regards to dioxins, outlined for reasons of this article because the chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, polychlorinated biphe­ nyls (PCB's) and different compounds which are structurally and toxicologically just like 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7 ,8-TCDD), the main commonly studied and so much poisonous of this staff of chemical compounds. Dioxins additionally started to curiosity not just chemists and toxicologists, but in addition experts from varied disciplines equivalent to natural world and environmental technological know-how, immunology, neuroscience,public overall healthiness, epidemiology, med­ icine, govt, legislations, sociology, and journalism. experts from such diverse disciplines, whereas conversant in their very own literature, usually didn't have time to stick to the dioxin literature outdoors their uniqueness sector. additionally, every one uniqueness had certain wisdom, equipment, and views. move­ disciplinary dialog was once worthwhile, yet all too usually, experts from some of the disciplines didn't communicate an analogous language, leading to misunderstanding.

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Extra info for Dioxins and Health

Sample text

Persistent dioxinlike compounds bioaccumulate in the adult and are passed along to the vulnerable developing organism. These studies also suggest that entire ecosystems are or have been overburdened with dioxinlike com- 24 Thomas Webster and Barry Commoner pounds. This is a profoundly disturbing finding as it implies that significant problems may be related to general environmental contamination rather than specific accidents or spills. It also serves as a warning of potential hazards to the human population.

Table 3 lists some of the most sensitive effects identified from animal experiments and human studies. Several of these are transgenerational, in which the infant, exposed in utero and/or via lactation, is more sensitive than the adult. We assume that these effects are probably mediated by the Ah receptor and that current TCDD-equivalents factors are applicable. A so-called tolerable daily dose of 10 pg/kg for reproductive and developmental effects is used by some governmental bodies (Table 2).

064 /J-g/kg. 284-287 Since chronic dosing of the mother leads to accumulation in her tissue and transfer to the fetus, even lower daily doses would be expected to produce the same results. A cross-fostering experiment would determine whether transplacental or lactational exposure plays the dominant role. Some of these effects may be caused by TCDD-induced reduction of hormone levels during critical periods of development. In the rat, testosterone and its metabolites playa crucial role in development of male accessory sex organs, spermatogenesis, and the central nervous system.

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Dioxins and Health by Thomas Webster, Barry Commoner (auth.), Arnold Schecter (eds.)

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