By Angel Rabasa, Stacie L. Pettyjohn, Jeremy J. Ghez, Christopher Boucek
Measures to avoid susceptible participants from radicalizing and to rehabilitate those that have already embraced Islamist extremism were carried out in different heart japanese, Southeast Asian, and ecu nations. This monograph describes and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of those courses and proposes steps that may be taken to advertise and speed up deradicalization procedures.
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Additional info for Deradicalizing Islamist Extremists
5–6) distinguishes between deradicalization, which, in his view, primarily concerns attitudes toward the permissibility of using violence, and moderation, which involves an acceptance of democratic norms. 8 Mike Mount, “Report: 20 Percent of Released Detainees Returning to Terrorism,” CNN, January 11, 2010. While the Yemeni deradicalization program was shut down due to its lack of success, Saudi Arabia’s deradicalization program is generally viewed positively, despite some prominent failures. The Obama administration has even reportedly been considering sending the remaining Yemeni detainees at Guantanamo to Riyadh for rehabilitation (Marissa L.
Which classifies the push and pull factors that precipitate a decision to disengage from a radical organization into three broad categories: ideological, organizational or affective, and more mundane, day-to-day factors. 89 For example, exit from right-wing organizations and gangs is driven primarily by disappointment with the organization and its internal workings or by practical factors, such as the desire for a family or career. 90 Conversely, ideology and, in particular, the perceived failure of an ideology to explain the world or effect social change, often plays a central role in members’ decisions to leave cults, terrorist orga88 Examples of the former include Bjørgo and Horgan, 2008b; Horgan, 2008, 2009; and Horgan and Braddock, 2010.
The Obama administration has even reportedly been considering sending the remaining Yemeni detainees at Guantanamo to Riyadh for rehabilitation (Marissa L. ” Philadelphia Inquirer, r November 18, 2009). 9 According to a Saudi official, approximately 20 percent of the Guantanamo detainees who have completed the deradicalization program have relapsed, while only 9 percent of rehabilitated non-Guantanamo Islamists have recidivated (“Ex-Guantanamo Inmates ‘Fail Rehab,’” Aljazeera, June 20, 2010). 4 Deradicalizing Islamist Extremists This chapter seeks to contribute to the burgeoning literature on individuall deradicalization by examining a number of questions that have thus far received insufficient attention: Does the process of disengagement—that is, leaving the organization but not necessarily altering extremist beliefs—follow a similar pattern across different types of groups?
Deradicalizing Islamist Extremists by Angel Rabasa, Stacie L. Pettyjohn, Jeremy J. Ghez, Christopher Boucek