By Lise Storm
This ebook explores the political video games of the Moroccan democratization approach within the interval from independence in 1956 till 2006. by means of combining an excellent measure of political concept with empirical fabric on Morocco, it analyzes the recommendations and activities of many of the political actors and evaluates the extent of democracy found in the rustic after the adoption of recent constitutions in 1962, 1970, 1972, 1980, 1992 and 1996. Lise hurricane demonstrates that during at the least a few circumstances, democratization has been greater than easily a survival method – now and again, key figures in the political elite have taken the democratization strategy extra than strictly wanted for them to stick in energy. in terms of Morocco, it's been the monarch who on a couple of celebration has moved the rustic extra in the direction of the democratic perfect than he unavoidably needed to, and that typically even opposed to the desires of 1 or extra of the verified political events. This booklet illustrates how the Moroccan political events, like such a lot of in their opposite numbers within the quarter, became the most main issue to extra democratization as such a lot of them have by no means honoured – or seem to have deserted – the major functionality of political events: well known illustration. Democratization in Morocco could be a really worthwhile contribution to scholars and researchers drawn to the dynamics in the back of the Moroccan democratization and the function of electoral politics in North African and heart jap politics.
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Additional info for Democratization in Morocco: The Political Elite and Struggles for Power in the Post-Independence State (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Politics)
During the phase from 1956 until 1962, these two parties strove bitterly over the control of political life, a battle the King finally won as the Istiqlal began to fall apart due to internal disagreements caused by the growing dissatisfaction by the general population with the urban-based, middle-class party. This phase, dominated by the struggle for power between the monarchy and the Istiqlal, was followed by another during which the main dynamics centred around the King alone, as the new monarch, Hassan II, decided to rule the country on his own from 1965 to 1970 after having failed to secure an acquiescent parliament.
It seemed as if the primary concern of the Istiqlal was not so much the introduction of democracy in the wake of independence but to ensure the party’s future position as one of the most dominant actors in political life. 7 The rebellion was of such strength that the government found itself unable to quell it by political means, leaving it up to Crown Prince Hassan as the chief of staff of the FAR to bring it to an end, which he successfully did with the help of a 20,000-strong army. As a result, the monarchy came out of the episode significantly strengthened, while the Istiqlal was left without influence and support in the Rif region and facing growing resentment across the countryside (Pennell 2000: 304).
However, Hassan II did not take over control of the political management of the country immediately; rather, during the first years after the defeat of the Istiqlal, he used political measures to ensure that the party would never become a threat to the power of the monarchy again, first, by introducing the country’s first constitution in 1962 – a constitution which provided for a competitive party system – and second, by calling for the first parliamentary elections in 1963. As the King and his supporters expertly manipulated the elections, the Istiqlal was effectively ousted from power, a position in which the party was to remain for the next many years.
Democratization in Morocco: The Political Elite and Struggles for Power in the Post-Independence State (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Politics) by Lise Storm