By Robert A. Pape, James K. Feldman
Almost a week, suicide bombers assault. we all know the danger—suicide assaults kill extra humans than all other kinds of terrorism—and in reaction we've got sacrificed the lives of squaddies and civilians, trillions of greenbacks, and America’s acceptance in another country in a futile quest for absolute protection. yet can we rather comprehend what drives humans to intentionally kill themselves on a challenge to hurt the innocent?Cutting the Fuse deals a wealth of recent wisdom in regards to the origins of suicide terrorism and techniques to forestall it. Robert A. Pape and James ok. Feldman have tested each suicide terrorist assault all over the world from 1980 to 2009. Their paintings essentially adjustments how we comprehend the foundation reasons of an important terrorist campaigns this day and divulges why the conflict on Terror has been eventually counterproductive.Since 2004, the variety of suicide attacks—whether inside a rustic or transnational—has grown with stunning velocity. via a detailed research of suicide campaigns by way of Al Qaeda and different terrorist businesses in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Lebanon, Israel, Chechnya, and Sri Lanka, the authors offer robust new facts that, opposite to well known and dangerously improper trust, just a tiny minority of those assaults are influenced exclusively by way of faith. in its place, the basis reason is overseas army profession, which triggers secular and non secular humans alike to hold out suicide attacks.Cutting the Fuse demands new, potent strategies that the US and its allies can maintain for many years, depending much less on floor troops in Muslim nations and extra on off-shore, over-the-horizon army forces besides political and monetary recommendations to empower neighborhood groups to prevent terrorists of their midst.
“Pape and Feldman are the world’s specialists on suicide terrorism. during this rigorously researched but hugely readable booklet, the authors lay naked the reasons of suicide terrorism and display that our present army process serves basically to reproduce a brand new new release of terrorists. This publication is a must-read for someone who cares approximately America’s function within the world.”—Steven D. Levitt, writer of (em)Freakonomics(/em)“Robert Pape and Ken Feldman mine a special library of information to reach at an intensive analysis of what motivates suicide terrorists. i believe you will discover it persuasive, i'm convinced.”—Thomas C. Schelling, Winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics“Pape and Feldman provide a strong research of the standards underlying the increase in suicide terrorism in recent times and produce readability to a posh and not easy topic. I commend this booklet to either students and coverage makers with a significant curiosity in U.S. nationwide safety policy.”—Lee H. Hamilton, Co-Chair of the 9-11 Commission“In this impressively researched publication the authors query our conceived knowledge in regards to the motivation of suicide bombers. in the event that they are right (and i believe they're) it demands a complete reexamination of U.S. army process. (em)Cutting the Fuse(/em) can be required interpreting for coverage makers.”—Thomas Kean, Co-Chair of the September 11 Commission
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Additional info for Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It
If the United States were to use military force to weaken or destroy Iran’s large security capabilities or to prevent the Shia majority from proportionally ruling the central government in Iraq, then Shia in the region may also come to fear they would soon lose their autonomy and become motivated to adopt suicide attacks to preserve it. Why the decline of suicide terrorism in Iraq from 2007 to 2009? As the Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism data show, the trajectory of suicide terrorism in Iraq rises from 2003 to 2007 and then declines in two major “steps,” a 40% decline from 2007 to 2008 (when suicide attacks fell from 307 to 175) and then a further 60% decline from 2008 to 2009 (175 to 72).
Many suicide terrorists are acting on the basis of altruistic motives for their communities, not on the purely personal motives that are typical of almost all other suicides. Many individual suicide attackers see themselves as powerfully related to the presence of foreign combat forces on territory the terrorists prize. For instance, the martyr videos made by the 9/11 hijackers strongly emphasize the motive of ending foreign occupation of the Arabian Peninsula. Here are three of the Saudi hijackers: abu al-jaraah al-ghamidi: What is happening in Muslim countries today?
Although there are multiple causes, one stands out: the growth and redeployment outside of Kabul of Western forces in Afghanistan. For the first two years after toppling the Taliban, American and NATO forces were effectively limited to occupying Kabul, not the country as a whole. Partly this was due to the small number of troops available (given Iraq) and partly because of the intense security threat against America’s chosen political leader, Hamid Karzai, whom the United States helped install in 2001.
Cutting the Fuse: The Explosion of Global Suicide Terrorism and How to Stop It by Robert A. Pape, James K. Feldman