By John H. Evans
Scientific breakthroughs have led us to some extent the place quickly we can make particular offerings concerning the genetic make-up of our offspring. in truth, this fact has arrived—and it is just an issue of time sooner than the know-how turns into widespread.
Much like previous arguments approximately stem-cell study, the arrival debate over those reproductive genetic applied sciences (RGTs) could be either political and, for plenty of humans, non secular. with a view to know how the talk will play out within the usa, John H. Evans carried out the 1st in-depth learn of the claims made approximately RGTs by means of spiritual humans from around the political spectrum, and Contested Reproduction is the stimulating result.
Some of the reviews Evans records are widespread, yet others—such because the concept that sure genetic stipulations produce a “meaningful soreness” that's, finally, desirable—provide a desirable glimpse of spiritual reactions to state-of-the-art technology. now not strangely, Evans discovers that for plenty of humans opinion at the factor heavily pertains to their emotions approximately abortion, yet he additionally reveals a shared ethical language that gives a manner round the unproductive polarization of the abortion debate and different culture-war issues. Admirably evenhanded, Contested Reproduction is a prescient, profound look at the way forward for a hot-button issue.
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Extra resources for Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate
Although you might think that logically all that people would use to oppose abortion is embryonic life discourse, it is clear that for most of this group abortion for cystic fibrosis is similar to a more varied set of situations than to only killing persons. For example, the use of the meaningful suffering discourse in this situation means that not having an abortion and therefore having a child with cystic fibrosis is similar to other situations of meaningful suffering for the respondents. For our purposes, what is important is that through a more detailed analysis of the discourse of opposition to abortion for cystic fibrosis, we see that these four discourses are used.
Notes to Readers outside the Social Sciences This book is squarely in the sociological tradition, using sociological methods, theories, and forms of argumentation. However, I want to be able to speak to people from other disciplines, particularly those in the humanities who study the ethics of RGTs. Therefore, I want to clarify some points that I have found from past experience to be a wellspring of misunderstanding between social scientists and other scholars. The primary misunderstanding concerns generalization.
An American observer of a room full of people will probably not notice hair lengths, but focus on the sex and race of the people, because those are the more salient distinctions in our society. For abortion and RGTs, we cannot know a priori which features of these issues are salient and thus lend themselves to analogy. ) In some cases, our a priori intuitions are correct. For example, our common intuition would be that the salient feature in both preimplantation genetic diagnosis and abortion for fetal defects is that “embryos/fetuses are selectively destroyed”; therefore, the situations would be considered analogous.
Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate by John H. Evans