Download e-book for iPad: Characterizing Consciousness: From Cognition to the Clinic? by H. S. Terrace (auth.), Stanislas Dehaene, Yves Christen

By H. S. Terrace (auth.), Stanislas Dehaene, Yves Christen (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642180140

ISBN-13: 9783642180149

Characterizing the computational structure and neurobiological mechanisms underlying realization is a big unsolved challenge in cognitive neuroscience. but, because of new advances in stimulation paradigms, mind imaging innovations, and neuronal theorizing, the problem now seems to be empirically addressable. during this publication 13 popular neuroscientists and clinicians tested the newest facts within the box together with the prospect to review realization in non-human primates. New paradigms now ask even if animals own meta-cognitive talents, similar to a self-monitoring in their competence in a job, and electrophysiologists now research the underlying neuronal networks. lots of those effects seem appropriate with the speculation of an international neuronal workspace, which proposes disbursed set of neurons with long-distance axons are fascinated by the worldwide details broadcasting underlying reportability and what's skilled as a wide awake state.

A significant problem nonetheless confronts those novel empirical and theoretical proposals: will they manage to aid clinicians faced with sufferers in coma or vegetative kingdom? Is a given sufferer wide awake? Will he ever get well recognition? And what is going to be his cognitive nation if he does? mind stimulation paradigms, no matter if cortical or in deep-brain nuclei, can modify the kingdom of realization and should increase verbal exchange in a few 'minimally unsleeping' patients.

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In that position, the contrast between a dark iris and a white sclera increased the salience of the mother’s eyes, making her eyes a more visible target for her infant’s eye gaze. 8. The close face-to-face proximity of the infant and her mother facilitated their intersubjectivity, from which emerged the infant’s concept of self and other. 9. At an age of approximately 12 months, a change occurred from a deictic relationship between the infant and her mother to a triadic relationship whereby the mother and the infant coordinated their attention to external objects.

Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:1514–1517 Hauser MD, Chomsky N, Fitch WT (2002) The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve? S. Terrace Hayes C (1951) The ape in our house. Harper, New York Herman LM, Richards DG, Wolz JP (1984) Comprehension of sentences by bottlenosed dolphins. Cognition 16:129–219 Herrnstein RJ, Loveland DH, Cable C (1976) Natural concepts in pigeons. J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 2:285–302 Hobson P (2002) The cradle of thought: exploring the origins of thinking.

The better the evidence, the more likely the decision will be correct and the faster it will complete. But the MT responses do not represent the decision outcome or its formation. 5 If the monkey must hold its decision in working memory after the stimulus has been turned off, the MT neurons are no longer informative, yet the decisions are unaffected. Neurons in the association cortex are different. Their responses can linger for seconds, even tens of seconds. Like visual neurons, they respond only under the right conditions, and the intensity of their firing rates represent an amount of something, but it is often difficult to say what.

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Characterizing Consciousness: From Cognition to the Clinic? by H. S. Terrace (auth.), Stanislas Dehaene, Yves Christen (eds.)


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