By Bruce Ziff
Colonel Reuben Wells Leonard (1860-1930) was once a instructor, civil engineer, armed forces officer, inventor, businessman, senior civil servant, and philanthropist. In December 1923, he signed the 3rd and ultimate model of the Leonard origin belief deed, donating over $500,000 to create a fund for scholarships tenable throughout Canada. The deed starts off with a press release of Leonard's trust that the "White Race is, as an entire, top certified via nature to be entrusted with the advance of civilization and the overall growth of the area alongside the simplest lines". It is going directly to recite that the development of the realm is determined by the upkeep of the Christian faith and the independence, balance, and prosperity of the British Empire. the scholar awards created less than the belief have been for that reason on hand basically to individuals who have been White Protestants of British nationality or parentage. The Leonard beginning operated lower than those phrases for over 60 years. whilst the legality of the belief used to be wondered within the mid-1980s, an Ontario court docket governed that it was once legitimate, and it was once now not till 1990 that the Ontario court docket of allure reversed the preliminary choice and held that the discriminatory skills have been unlawful.
Leonard's existence offers the backdrop for the significant topic of unexpected Legacies: an exploration of Canadian values and ideology as filtered throughout the ideologies of Colonel Leonard, the Leonard belief, and the legislations governing deepest discriminatory motion. partly, this learn investigates Canada's reaction to problems with race, discrimination, and tolerance of and recognize for distinction, then and now.
This publication is set Reuben Wells Leonard, the Leonard beginning belief, the litigation about the validity of the trust's discriminatory provisions, and the judgments rendered within the Leonard starting place case. half biography, half highbrow historical past, half felony heritage, it concludes with a dialogue of up to date legislations and policy.