By Manfred F. Boemeke, Roger Chickering, Stig Förster
The essays in looking ahead to overall struggle discover the discourse on conflict in Germany and the USA among 1871 and 1914. the concept that of "total warfare" presents the analytical concentration. The essays demonstrate lively discussions of battle in numerous boards between infantrymen, statesmen, women’s teams, and educators on each side of the Atlantic. Predictions of lengthy, cataclysmic wars weren't unusual in those discussions, whereas the involvement of German and American infantrymen in colonial battle prompt that destiny wrestle wouldn't spare civilians. regardless of those "anticipations of overall war," nearly nobody learned the sensible implications in making plans for battle within the early 20th century.
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Additional info for Anticipating Total War: The German and American Experiences, 1871-1914
The feat of the German army in 1940 comported in no way with the narrative logic of total war, insofar as it repudiated the proposition, which was widely held among contemporary military planners, that the dynamics of combat had made long wars inescapable. That the European conflict nonetheless evolved into a "total war" was due less to the dynamics of combat than to the Germans' embrace of an ideology that portrayed the other peoples of the world as Untermenschen (subhumans) and prescribed the subjugation, if not the annihilation, of most of them.
3 (1994): 17-38; Imanuel Geiss, Derlange Weg in die Katastrophe: Die Vorgeschichte des Ersten Weltkriegs 1815-1914 (Munich, 1990). 31 Geoffrey Best, Humanity in Warfare (New York, 1980), 217-18. 32 Whether in the home, in industry, as nurses, or even in the armed forces, the role of women has remained the support of men, who fight. Because their gender roles have also prescribed their vulnerability, women have enjoyed a degree of ideological exemption (admittedly diminishing) from the direct violence of warfare.
The concept also speaks to massive and dramatic changes in the conduct and social impact of warfare in the modern era. Despite a host of antecedents and countervailing developments, the analysis of these changes cries out for the sort of structuring principle that the narrative of total war has historically provided. The remarks that conclude this chapter accordingly pose no radical alternative; they represent instead a plea for more critical employment of this evidently indispensable tool. The effort best begins at the methodological foundations.
Anticipating Total War: The German and American Experiences, 1871-1914 by Manfred F. Boemeke, Roger Chickering, Stig Förster