By Said Amir Arjomand
A complete analytical view of Iran within the final twenty years, protecting the improvement of theocratic executive, hindrances to democratization and hardliners' overseas coverage and local ambitions
Written through the writer of The Turban for the Crown
A new idea of the innovative approach and post-revolutionary reconstruction instructed via the Iranian case
For many americans, Iran is our most threatening enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even earlier than the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the truth? How did Ahmadinejad upward thrust to energy, and what kind of strength does he relatively have? What are the possibilities of normalizing kin with Iran?
In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a refined and perceptive portrait of latest Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran lower than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts off, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, providing a super pill biography of the guy who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter most sensible exemplified by way of Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic strategy, he strains the emergence and consolidation of the current procedure of collective rule via clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management by way of the ayatollah because the splendid consultant and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the inner political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his progressive legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's defense forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the strength destiny position of the innovative Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's overseas coverage in addition, together with the effect of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.
Few international locations loom better in American overseas family than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, a professional on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless driving the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.
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Extra resources for After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors
In January 1983, Hashemi-Rafsanjani tried once more to invoke Khomeini’s extraconstitutional authority to solve the constitutional deadlock, but Khomeini’s intervention again fell short of the explicit exercise of the legislative authority of the Supreme Jurist. Rather than using the novel category of “governmental 32 after khomeini ordinances” (ahka¯m hokumati) as deriving from the Mandate of the Jurist, he reafﬁrmed the authorization of the Majles, this time requiring a majority of two-thirds instead of a simple majority.
63 When it came to bills speciﬁcally designed to Islamicize the Iranian legal system, the Guardian Council was easier to satisfy. Important legislation to Islamicize the public law of the IRI included the new criminal law, which incorporates the penalties (hodud ) and qesa¯ s provisions (lex talionis) of the shari‛a and has been in effect, with periodic modiﬁcations, since 1982. Other instances of substantive Islamicization include the 1983 rent law and 1988 law of punishment for speculation and hoarding (ehteka¯r),64 while the jurisdiction of the revolutionary courts was regulated by another law in 1983.
Khomeini’s endorsement of Hashemi-Rafsanjani’s innovative jurisprudence (feqh-e puya) in order to reconcile the Shi’ite jurists’ law with the rational-legal framework of the nation-state was severely challenged by the Grand Ayatollahs. One of them, Grand Ayatollah Golpaygani, argued against Khomeini vehemently, and wrote to the latter to reject the contention that “the primary ordinances of the shari‛a offer no solution to our current problems” and to complain that his order meant forsaking “the primary ordinances under the banner of overriding necessity.
After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors by Said Amir Arjomand