By Y. Alex-Assensoh
This ebook exhibits how Africa's former colonial powers--including nice Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain--trained contributors and leaders of colonial defense force to be politically nonpartisan. but, the modern day military became so politicized that many nations are this present day governed or have already been governed by way of army dictators via coups d'etat, sometimes for stable purposes because the ebook issues out. This booklet strains the ancient and political evolution of those occasions and what bodes for Africa, the place the endless army incursions into partisan politics are involved.
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Additional info for African Military History and Politics: Ideological Coups and Incursions, 1900-Present
Interestingly, the British (who used the methods of appeasement) were unlike the French, who used outright methods of assimilation whereby they—as French men and women—socialized and intermarried with colonial citizens. As colonialists, the British were mindful of the fact that they possessed (1) settler enclaves, like the Natal and Cape colonies in South Africa; as well as those in Northern and Southern Rhodesia and Kenya; (2) Lord Lugard’s indirect rule in Uganda and Nigeria; and (3) the colonies acquired during the scramble for Africa at the 1884–85 Berlin Conference, during which—as Professor Boniface Ihewunwa Obichere of UCLA wrote unequivocally— “the question of the hinterland of West Africa was raised .
In doing so, they have wondered about which was the better ideological inclination: Nkrumah’s scientiﬁc socialism or Busia’s capitalism? On the PanAfricanist plane, for example, world-famous black leaders like Paul Robeson, Dr. W. E. B. DuBois and others have shown their own affection for socialism and, indeed, suffered for it in a variety of ways, just as Nkrumah, Nyerere, and others did. In Robeson’s 1958 publication, Here I Stand, he showed his relentless belief in scientiﬁc socialism. Robeson, who was internationally famous for his stage and 10 AFRICAN MILITARY HISTORY AND POLITICS concert career,44 knew Nkrumah and Kenya’s President Jomo Kenyatta very well from their sojourns in Europe.
What, however, should be a minimal credit to these imperial powers was the fact that if they had left Africa as a monolithic cultural, political, and ethnic entity for the postcolonial politicians to carve into nation-states or countries, per se, the world would have seen more bloodshed, confusion and utter anarchy than has ever been recorded by Adu Boahen and other liberal historians. Indeed, this is what has happened in boundary clashes among several African countries, particularly where there is ample evidence—or even a mere suspicion—that an area is endowed with rich natural resources, including petroleum products and such minerals as gold, diamonds, bauxite, iron ore, and uranium.
African Military History and Politics: Ideological Coups and Incursions, 1900-Present by Y. Alex-Assensoh