By Dawn-Marie Gibson
The liberate of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's wide archive of surveillance records, interviews, and firsthand money owed has made it attainable to bare the reality at the back of the myths and misperceptions concerning the state of Islam. This entire source catalogues the days, areas, and other people that formed the philosophies from its youth via to its current incarnation.
The definitive resource at the topic, A background of The state of Islam: Race, Islam, and the search for Freedom attracts on over a dozen interviews, in addition to archival and rarely-used assets. The ebook departs from the standard "Malcolm X-centric" remedy of the topic, and in its place examines the early management of Fard Muhammad, demanding situations traditional perspectives on Malcolm X, and explores the current day inner politics of the stream submit Louis Farrakhan's retirement.
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Additional info for A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom
Since his mysterious disappearance numerous theories relating to his origins, his identity, and the extent of his affiliations with the UNIA and MSTA have circulated. The declassification of Fard’s extensive FBI file via the extension of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) has served to authenticate and discredit aspects of such theories. Plentiful theories have circulated since 1933. THE SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT In 1963 a Nigerian scholar, Essien-Udom, began conducting extensive research on the NOI in Chicago and New York.
39 Malcolm and his siblings were eventually separated and sent to various foster homes. As a young teenager, Malcolm performed exceptionally well at school despite the turmoil that had punctuated his Building an Empire, 1934–1960 39 young childhood. His dreams of becoming a lawyer came to a premature end after his teacher, Mr. ”40 Malcolm left school after this encounter and soon thereafter moved to Boston with his sister, and later moved to New York. Malcolm drifted into criminality in Harlem.
The NOI’s affluence in the late 1950s provided Muhammad, his immediate family, and officials with a lucrative lifestyle while many rank-and-file converts struggled to meet the demands of its empire. The resources at Muhammad’s disposal increased with the thousands of new members that the group recruited in the 1950s and 1960s. Elijah Muhammad sourced funds for the NOI from three repositories. The financial donations that converts were required to make became the primary source of income for the NOI.
A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom by Dawn-Marie Gibson