By Daniel Byman
Within the sixty-plus years of the Jewish state's life, Israeli governments have exhausted virtually each choice in protecting their nation opposed to terror assaults. Israel has survived or even thrived--but either its electorate and its Arab associates have paid dearly.
In A excessive Price , Daniel Byman breaks down the twin myths of Israeli omnipotence and--conversely--ineptitude in scuffling with terror, supplying in its place a nuanced, definitive historic account of the state's daring yet usually failed efforts to struggle terrorist teams. The fabricated from painstaking study and numerous interviews, the publication chronicles diverse classes of Israeli counterterrorism. starting with the violent border disputes that emerged after Israel's founding in 1948, Byman charts the increase of Yasir Arafat's Fatah and leftist teams corresponding to the preferred entrance for the Liberation of Palestine--organizations that ushered within the period of overseas terrorism epitomized via the 1972 hostage-taking on the Munich Olympics. Byman follows how Israel fought those teams and new ones, resembling Hamas, within the a long time that persist with, with specific realization to the grinding and painful fight throughout the moment intifada. Israel's debacles in Lebanon opposed to teams just like the Lebanese Hizballah also are tested in-depth, as is the country's complex reaction to Jewish terrorist teams that experience struck at Arabs and Israelis looking peace.
In surveying Israel's reaction to terror, the writer issues to the coups of shadowy Israeli intelligence prone, the much-emulated use of shielding measures akin to sky marshals on airplanes, and the position of debatable suggestions akin to unique killings and the protection barrier that separates Israel from Palestinian components. both instructive are the shortcomings that experience undermined Israel's counterterrorism ambitions, together with a overlook for long term making plans and a failure to acknowledge the long term political repercussions of counterterrorism tactics.
Israel is usually a laboratory: new terrorist innovations are frequently used opposed to it first, and Israel in flip develops cutting edge countermeasures that different states reproduction. A excessive Price expertly explains how Israel's successes and screw ups can serve to notify all international locations combating terrorism this day.
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Additional resources for A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism
Arguably this is how al-Qaeda is currently operating, and it does indeed reap some of the benefits of both networks and hierarchies. 34 Terrorism, security and the power of informal networks But the problems do not disappear. Ill-disciplined cells in an informal network can create an entry point for security agencies into the formal structure, as the agencies work backwards, tracing the contacts of insecure minor players on the periphery to identify competent, high-value targets at the centre. The more fundamental challenge to the idea of a hybrid model is that it is difficult to achieve in practice.
Increasingly, government efforts combine political, developmental and security interventions – and seek to minimize unintended consequences of such interventions. Only by grasping the strength of informal networks can policies be formulated that do not mistakenly confront them, yet still achieve government policy goals. Governments should not be in awe of informal networks, but policy-makers should be quick to find ways to take advantage of the loyalties, solidarities and connections that underpin them.
At the other end of the spectrum I put state-like hierarchical structures. In this spectrum, the INLA would lie towards the 28 Terrorist networks: strengths and weaknesses 29 network end of the spectrum. PIRA, along with proto-states like Hamas and Hezbollah, would lie towards the hierarchical end. I do not claim any sociological insight into how such structures emerge or operate. ’ THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF INFORMAL NETWORKS The strengths of loose networks are clear. Precisely because they have no fixed overall strategy, their actions are unpredictable.
A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism by Daniel Byman